Vue vs. React: What is Easier? What is Trending? Detailed Guide with All +/- [2021]

Vue vs. React Key Similarities
What is Vuejs?
What is React?
Brief Comparison / VUE vs. REACT
What’s Trending and Who is in the Lead Now?
Developer market
Syntax and Structure
Runtime Performance
Learning Curve
Testing
Debugging tools
Routing
Ecosystem: Routing and State Management
Documentation
Community
Sum-up: Which is Better (Benchmarking)
React Disavantages
Vue Disadvantages

Useful Resources
React Tutorials 
Vue Tutorials

Recap
About Flatlogic

The holy war between Vue and React still keeps going. Though both React and Vue basically resolve the same level issues, let’s add some fuel to the fire! As experts in web development since 2013, we’ve worked a lot with both frameworks, React and Vue. So, here is our two cents’ worth.

Btw, have you heard the joke?

— Angular is for jobs
—  Jquery is for those who stuck in the mid-2000s
 React is for trends
—  Vue is for peace of mind

Both Vue and React.js are popular first-class technologies which are well known for their flexibility and power in terms of building progressive web applications. But, Reactjs is a library, and Vue is a framework

What is a library? Library is a collection of reusable functions (classes); whereas a framework is a piece of code where the architecture can’t be changed but can be extended with specific functionality. 

Framework from the start of development sets the rules for building app architecture, setting its default behavior. Whereas a library is defined as a set of similar functionalities, the framework may include several such <libraries>.

One more principal difference between libraries and frameworks is an inversion of control. It means that the framework uses (calls) functions of the user code and this user code is embedded in the default structure of the framework. When you work with a library, your code calls the library functions and then gets control.

library vs framework

Let’s just say, If you’re a newbie programmer, a framework can help you to do complex things a bit faster. But Vue also has its guideline and set of rules to follow and learn.

Some say that Vue is much easier, or, let’s say, more ergonomic, in terms of general logic, comprehension, and web development; others will go for React, due to its similarity to Javascript and because being under the aegis of Facebook it works better for large scale projects, has reusable components and a wider support community than Vue. Besides, React is also often favored for its more minimalistic approach and a stronger focus on UI. However, all these modern frameworks are basically pretty much the same and you should first note the local market demand, and secondly the scale and the specification of the project you need to develop.

There are fewer Vue projects on the development market, and consequently, there is lower competition among coders. Also, you may have heard that Vue is an instrument to build your apps faster, but we won’t be so categorical, because it also depends on the expertise of the developer. 

React and Vue Similarities

Both Vue and React.js offer:

Extremely flexible and relatively fast development;
Component-based architecture with lifecycle methods;
Virtual DOM usage (but React and Vue interact with DOM differently);
Reusable components;
An open and progressive community;
Rich selection of libraries and tools.

What is Vue.js?

Vue.js is a JavaScript framework widely used in web development for building modern and scalable apps. Evan You, the Chinese software developer, created Vue.js and maintained it with a team of 24 developers. Vue.js Completion for components, directives, props and methods in templates.

Vue is known for being implemented on 9gag, Alibaba, Behance, BMW, Gitlab, Euronews, Vice, Trustpilot, Wizz Air, Adobe Portfolio, PayPal, DropBox

Vue has an MVC pattern, a way of processing data that is focused on the view layer, that lets you add changes to the DOM; i.e. you don’t have to worry about how your application’s UI is rendered or how changes are applied to the DOM. The DOM is responsible for setting  relationships among the elements in the HTML file.

Vue.JS offers:

Simplicity
Built-in directives and event handlers 
Coding assistance for different languages inside template, script and style tags in .vue files
Extraction of component and renaming component refactorings
Code snippets

react vs vue

What is React.js?

React.js (also known as React or ReactJS) is a super popular library to create beautiful and highly interactive single-page applications. The instruments of React are components that are easy to collect, reuse, and test out. React.js is perfect for building large web applications.

We already love React for being implemented on the sites of Tesla, HBO, WhatsApp, Netflix, New York Times, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Codeacademy, Spotify, and Yahoo! Now, React has 171k stars on GitHub and more than 10,164,796 downloads on NPM.

React offers:

Rich package ecosystem 
Extremely common world usage and wide support
High demand in workforce
Optimal for development of lightweight applications and medium-size projects apps, as well as large enterprise-scale systems.
Cross-platform with React Native

Brief Comparison: VUE vs. REACT

React.js
Vue.js

Type
Library
Framework

Creators
Facebook; Jordan Walke

Evan You; Former Google Employee

Language
Javascript, Typescript

Typescript integration

Release
May, 2013
February, 2014

Common types of applications
– Complex/large scale web interfaces
– Native mobile apps for iOS and Android with – React Native
– SAAS
– CMS
– Analytic applications
– Project management tools
– Video streaming apps
– Progressive web apps;  single-page apps (SPA);
 – MVPs;
 – fast concept checking – small applications; 

JS Compilers, Type Checkers
TypeScript, Flow, ReScript, Reason
Vue-type-check

Mobile Development Tools

React Native

Native Scipt
Vue Native
Apache
Quasar

Complexity
Higher
Lower

Developer friendliness

If you want flexibility in your development environment
If you want to have a separation of concerns

Development Language; Rendering Content
JSX
HTML-templates and JSX

Documentation

Harder to learn from scratch
More clear and structured

Scalability
Highly scalable;
Due to less dynamic architecture, Vue scalability can be achieved through Mixins and Web packs

Popularity

>171k GitHub stars
>185k GitHub stars

Popularity

We have checked the graphs of stateofjs and noticed the eloquent statistics showing the continuing popularity of the JS frameworks. According to this data, for the last 5 years React.js has held the leading position over Vue.js.

React vs Vue.js (State of JS)

Let’s also check the Google Trends graphics. Here the red one speaks for React.js, and the blue color speaks for Vue. And again, we see that the popularity of React is maintained/unchanging.

Vue vs React in 2021 (Google Trends)

Plus, to be total sure that React still has all the aces, see the downloads on the npm trends:

React vs. Vue (NPM Trends)

We’ve checked also the coders’ darling, Stackoverflow; and realised that there are 80,064 questions tagged with  #vuejs and 314,882 questions tagged with #reactjs; that only proves that Reacjs market share is four times higher.

Developer market

We went through everything from Indeed to Glassdoor to find out the actual demand for Vue and React developers in the world. See what is going on:

    React.js experts still get to be right at the top. We’re not short of React developers, because there are lots of junior specialists on the market which are often sold at the rate of seniors; and an average hourly rate is hovering somewhere about $60 per hour of custom development. In the USA, the annual income of a good specialist is $80000 roughly. Nevertheless it’s still pretty expensive to hire developers locally, and it’s a common practice for companies to hire workers from the countries of Eastern and Central Europe where the rate is significantly lower.

React developer pay per year

Top-rated Vue.js developers get around $90000 per year, because there are relatively fewer of such specific specialists but again, it’s all individual, and depends on the type of the project, overall experience of a person and other factors.

Vue developer pay per year

Syntax and Structure

Probably, this is the most crucial difference between React and Vue; how the view layer is developed. 

React elements and components may be written with the help of JSX syntax. JSX is an XML/HTML-like syntax to transform HTML-like text into standard JavaScript objects. It means that first you can write HTML/XML-like structures, then Babel will transform your code into JS code. Though you can do this without using JSX.

Vue.js uses an HTML-based template syntax and can be parsed by spec-compliant browsers and HTML parsers. Vue.js templates are parsed into Virtual DOM render functions that help to significantly increase performance. If you know how to work with DOM concepts, write render functions instead of out-of-the-box templates, with optional JSX support. 

React has no architecture pattern/structure for the applications. React provides the view layer of an app that is made up of components which render the underlying user interface when the input data changes. As you probably know, create-react-app gives us everything we need to develop a React application. 

Runtime Performance

Since both of these technologies are under constant development, I would not recommend you rely mainly on this factor. Both Vue and React are great in terms of performance judging by two major factors to evaluate like start-up time and runtime performance

React’s component-based architecture and virtual DOM directly influence the page loading process. All this adds a seamless app performance and pleasing user experience. Though it may seem that Vue is a bit faster in memory allocation and startup times, React is a bit faster at runtime. 

Learning Curve

You’ll hear dozens of opinions that Vue is easier than React. Vue.js is a template language for writing its components; and has a number of built-in templates that help to speed up development just from scratch. But, it’s all about syntax. If you’re not a big fan of boilerplates, templates and need something more functional, then get started with React. And there are more open source packages available for React than for Vue.js.

If you are a newbie in web development, we would personally recommend starting with Vue, because it is way easier and has a friendlier learning curve. Why? Because React is a full-fledged library, and in order to succeed with React.js, a web developer has to know other JS libraries to make a logically consistent system. 

Testing

Testing in JavaScript frameworks usually runs via the well-known libraries and plugins like Testing Library, Jest, Mocha, Enzyme

React Testing library as well as Vue Testing library are built-in libraries that let you test various UI components and significantly minimize the bugs in your app. 

Another popular testing library for React.js or Vue.js is Jest. With the help of manual mocks it lets you easily create various types of tests, replacing the dependencies you don’t control with something you do. How to create a Mock Function? Type in: jest.fn()

Mocha, running on Node.js, is one more JavaScript framework for testing components. Mocha can execute tests right in the browser. But Mocha doesn’t simulate a browser environment; being in Node.js it doesn’t reset the state, and doesn’t execute each test in an isolated context.

Also, you may use Ionic React Test Utils made on TypeScript for testing React Ionic Apps. 
Plus, to test your app in real browsers you may refer to Karma test runner, and do unit-testing for Vue or React app components, or any other JS component. Karma just launches an HTTP server and generates an HTML file.

Debugging

Regarding bugs in React or Vue, we are usually faced with:

UI bugs;
Lack of a parent element or fragment;
Incorrect binding;
Logic bugs;
Networking bugs behaving as we expect;

How to debug in Vue.js or React.js? The most evident way to handle and fix your errors is using well-known VSCode. Set up the debugger extension (Chrome or Firefox). Follow the official debugging documentation from Vue.js here.

After the installation process, open the launch.json file and paste in the corresponding configuration based on your browser selection.

Other tools and libraries for testing Vue.js applications may be found here

How to debug React components? Install React DevTools. Or, you can pick one of  the best React Debugging Libraries here.

Ecosystem. Routing and State management

Both Vue and React are known for their extensive ecosystems. However, React differs from Vue, in that its ecosystem updating and maintaining are based on the developer community rather than managed through one center. 

Routing

Any application needs a good routing solution and state management solution. 

Routing will head the user to different pages around the website; while rendering will put those pages on the UI. Routing in Reactjs is performed with React Router.

React Router is a collection of navigational components that compose declaratively with your application. This is a framework that allows users to navigate among views of various components in React. Application made with React, allows changing the browser URL, and enables synchronising the URL with the UI. Plus, the app gets three basic pages:

a home page, 
a contact page and
an about page

Vue has its own built-in sustainable Router library, called Vue Router. But of course you still can use 3rd party routers. Also, Vuejs has a standard Vuex library to handle centralized data state management.

State Management

Here are several instruments for state management for you to choose: 

Redux state container and Redux Toolkit 

MobX and MobX State Tree 
Recoil

Zustand 
AKITA
React Hooks libraries

Vue has its own implementation called Vuex, see above, an Elm-inspired state management solution that integrates deeply into Vue and provides a superior development experience to other similar libraries.

Documentation

One of the crucial points that we especially love and that distinguishes Vue from React is style guide existence that may become a super manual for novice coders. As well as all the rest of the documentation, it is an in-depth source of explanations for Vue-specific code:
  

How to write multi-world component names?
How to do single-file component file naming?
Prop name casing and many more…

In comparison to any other free frameworks, Vue documentation is really next level; it is utterly comprehensive and easy to handle even if you still have no great expertise in Javascript.

React.js also has good documentation, but it’s not as well-structured and detailed as Vue’s.

Community

Vue has already got 185k stars on GitHub and this is not the limit; the community is still growing. You may easily contribute the code; also you can get in touch with the expert world in chat, forum, or report an issue on GitHub.

React community is also well-developed and even more: since React is a bit older than Vue, and it also has a great army of supporters from all over the world. The React ecosystem is really strong and flexible and this is proven not only by GitHub’s 170k stars, but also by the 11,034,440 weekly downloads on NPM.

Sum-up. Vue vs. React Benchmarking

React Disadvantages

  Working with React syntax can be tedious, you have to build UI elements individually that is time-consuming with view-rendering instructions. 

You have to use third-party libraries tools like Redux, Next.js, GraphQL which can be no longer available or maintained over time

Working with library may result in writing more erroneous code, because here you have more freedom

Vue Disadvantages

Vue is more opinionated framework with its inner rules; it relies on quite complex mechanisms to implement its two-way binding. 

Take into consideration:

Property addition and deletion of an object
Array length modifications using the corresponding property
Direct assignment of an array element by index

Useful Resources for Developers of All Levels

React Resources:

Awesome React: an ultimate list of tools for the React ecosystem; 

React table guide and best react table examples
12+ React Boilerplates & Starter Kits For Developers In 2021
Top 15 React Drag and Drop Libraries
Best React Open Source Projects
React Date Picker Examples
6 Reasons To Use ReactJS For Web Development

Vue Resources:

Awesome Vue: a detailed list of useful plugins and libraries for Vue.js;

Top 16+ Vue Open Source Projects
Top 10 Vue UI Component Libraries in 2021

Top 6 Vue Admin Templates 
Vue Component Library
Vuetify, Vue UI Library with Material Components

Recap

Frankly speaking, there is no answer to the issue: which one is better. Both React and Vue are widely used in web development to create cost-effective large scale or medium-size websites or apps. Everything depends on the tasks, complexity, and scale of the project.

The job market is booming and everyday more new frameworks come up. It is great when you’re like a Swiss army knife and can quickly learn and adapt to any customer requirements; no matter which framework is your personal favourite. 

The only reasonable way to stay competitive and stay afloat is to develop a sound judgment, develop personal expertise, learning everything where Javascript is involved. Learn the language, learn the algorithms and app architecture, check the best practices, and remember that only sky is the limit.

About Flatlogic

Web development is our true love. We love beautiful things that work well. We love processes that run smoothly. Since 2014, we’ve been speeding up web development creating web & mobile app templates with the help of React, Vue, Angular, React Native, and Bootstrap.

We’re always eager to help you with your next project and we will be enlightened to estimate or develop your project, big or small, eCommerce, CMS, CMR, or anything you may need. Feel free to leave your question for us on our rapidly growing forum.

You might also like these articles

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Introducing Zero-Bundle-Size React Server Components

2020 has been a long year. As it comes to an end we wanted to share a special Holiday Update on our research into zero-bundle-size React Server Components.

To introduce React Server Components, we have prepared a talk and a demo. If you want, you can check them out during the holidays, or later when work picks back up in the new year.

React Server Components are still in research and development. We are sharing this work in the spirit of transparency and to get initial feedback from the React community. There will be plenty of time for that, so don’t feel like you have to catch up right now!

If you want to check them out, we recommend to go in the following order:

Watch the talk to learn about React Server Components and see the demo.

Clone the demo to play with React Server Components on your computer.

Read the RFC (with FAQ at the end) for a deeper technical breakdown and to provide feedback.

We are excited to hear from you on the RFC or in replies to the @reactjs Twitter handle. Happy holidays, stay safe, and see you next year!

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The Plan for React 18

The React team is excited to share a few updates:

We’ve started work on the React 18 release, which will be our next major version.
We’ve created a Working Group to prepare the community for gradual adoption of new features in React 18.
We’ve published a React 18 Alpha so that library authors can try it and provide feedback.

These updates are primarily aimed at maintainers of third-party libraries. If you’re learning, teaching, or using React to build user-facing applications, you can safely ignore this post. But you are welcome to follow the discussions in the React 18 Working Group if you’re curious!

What’s coming in React 18

When it’s released, React 18 will include out-of-the-box improvements (like automatic batching), new APIs (like startTransition), and a new streaming server renderer with built-in support for React.lazy.

These features are possible thanks to a new opt-in mechanism we’re adding in React 18. It’s called “concurrent rendering” and it lets React prepare multiple versions of the UI at the same time. This change is mostly behind-the-scenes, but it unlocks new possibilities to improve both real and perceived performance of your app.

If you’ve been following our research into the future of React (we don’t expect you to!), you might have heard of something called “concurrent mode” or that it might break your app. In response to this feedback from the community, we’ve redesigned the upgrade strategy for gradual adoption. Instead of an all-or-nothing “mode”, concurrent rendering will only be enabled for updates triggered by one of the new features. In practice, this means you will be able to adopt React 18 without rewrites and try the new features at your own pace.

A gradual adoption strategy

Since concurrency in React 18 is opt-in, there are no significant out-of-the-box breaking changes to component behavior. You can upgrade to React 18 with minimal or no changes to your application code, with a level of effort comparable to a typical major React release. Based on our experience converting several apps to React 18, we expect that many users will be able to upgrade within a single afternoon.

We successfully shipped concurrent features to tens of thousands of components at Facebook, and in our experience, we’ve found that most React components “just work” without additional changes. We’re committed to making sure this is a smooth upgrade for the entire community, so today we’re announcing the React 18 Working Group.

Working with the community

We’re trying something new for this release: We’ve invited a panel of experts, developers, library authors, and educators from across the React community to participate in our React 18 Working Group to provide feedback, ask questions, and collaborate on the release. We couldn’t invite everyone we wanted to this initial, small group, but if this experiment works out, we hope there will be more in the future!

The goal of the React 18 Working Group is to prepare the ecosystem for a smooth, gradual adoption of React 18 by existing applications and libraries. The Working Group is hosted on GitHub Discussions and is available for the public to read. Members of the working group can leave feedback, ask questions, and share ideas. The core team will also use the discussions repo to share our research findings. As the stable release gets closer, any important information will also be posted on this blog.

For more information on upgrading to React 18, or additional resources about the release, see the React 18 announcement post.

Accessing the React 18 Working Group

Everyone can read the discussions in the React 18 Working Group repo.

Because we expect an initial surge of interest in the Working Group, only invited members will be allowed to create or comment on threads. However, the threads are fully visible to the public, so everyone has access to the same information. We believe this is a good compromise between creating a productive environment for working group members, while maintaining transparency with the wider community.

As always, you can submit bug reports, questions, and general feedback to our issue tracker.

How to try React 18 Alpha today

New alphas are regularly published to npm using the @alpha tag. These releases are built using the most recent commit to our main repo. When a feature or bugfix is merged, it will appear in an alpha the following weekday.

There may be significant behavioral or API changes between alpha releases. Please remember that alpha releases are not recommended for user-facing, production applications.

Projected React 18 release timeline

We don’t have a specific release date scheduled, but we expect it will take several months of feedback and iteration before React 18 is ready for most production applications.

Library Alpha: Available today
Public Beta: At least several months
Release Candidate (RC): At least several weeks after Beta
General Availability: At least several weeks after RC

More details about our projected release timeline are available in the Working Group. We’ll post updates on this blog when we’re closer to a public release.

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New Embed Modal

If you’ve used Embedded Pens before, you might notice the UI for helping you get the code from them has been updated:

All the same functionality there, it’s just everything works better. I’m a particular fan of how clear the choice is now on which tabs to display by default (that was a bit wonky before, sorry!). Plus, as you resize the height now, you’ll get a height readout in case you’re aiming for a very particular value. We’ll also remember all of your settings, so for example, if you always tend to select the same theme, that’ll be pre-selected when you open it back up.

Always feels good for us to bring areas of the site like this in-line with our latest-and-greatest design patterns, not only ensuring it looks and works good now, but will continue to take advantage of our pattern work.

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#322: Upgrading Upgrades

Dee and Chris talk about a recent release where we re-built the upgrade experience on CodePen. For example, you’re a free user, you want to upload an asset, you can upload via a modal that pops up, and get on with your task. You could kind of do that before, but it was much jankier UI and UX. This release brings that experience in line with current design patterns on CodePen.

But the reality of this release is much deeper than that. There were a half-dozen or more mostly behind-the-scenes releases that were stepping stones to this. The biggest of which was around cleaning up our billing model and billing data into a much easier to manage and much cleaner place. While doing that work, we identified some users that needed to upgrade to maintain their status, so a big aspect of this release was reaching out to them about that, which meant building the lowest-friction-possible upgrading experience and giving us a chance to try out something we’d never tried before: discounts.

Time Jumps

00:31 Topic introduction

02:07 Billing is complicated

04:08 Epihany about how to fix billing

09:49 Sponsor: Jetpack

11:52 How this affects a user

14:41 How do we decide what to work on at CodePen?

16:37 Testing out the idea of offering discounts

21:17 Getting distracted by clean up work

Sponsor: Jetpack

Jetpack has a brand new mobile app. It’s essentially the WordPress app, except a bit more streamlined. It allows you to connect to your self-hosted WordPress sites and manage everything from content and comments to plugins and backups.

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