Python NumPy read CSV

In this Python NumPy tutorial, we will discuss Python NumPy read CSV and also we will cover the below examples:

Python NumPy read CSV with header
Python NumPy read CSV file
Python NumPy read CSV Shape
Python NumPy read CSV into 2d NumPy array
Python NumPy read CSV pandas
Python NumPy read CSV skip_rows
Python NumPy read CSV Data type
Python NumPy read CSV Size

Python NumPy read CSV

CSV basically stands for common separated values. It is used for storing tabular data in a spreadsheet or database.
Now here each line of the file is called a record and each record consists of files separated by commas which are also known as delimiters.
Each of the records is also a part of this file.
Data is basically into a form of unstructured form it is organizing this large amount of data better.
One of the uses that would come in handy is the CSV format. Since CSV files are of plain text format it basically makes it very easy and nifty for the website developers.
The CSV operation basically consists of reading a CSV, writing to a CSV file.
The CSV file is opened as a text file with Python’s built-in open() function, which returns a file object.

Example:

Let’s take an example to check how to read a csv file in Python

#read input file
from numpy import loadtxt
file = open(‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’, ‘rb’)
data = loadtxt(file,delimiter = “,”)

print(data)

In the above example, we have opened the output.csv file in reading mode using the open() function.
Then the file. read() is used to read the file which returns an iterable read object.
In the given example you have to provide your own CSV file path.

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read csv

Read: Python NumPy Random

Python NumPy read CSV with header

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV with a header.
The module we need in this method is the CSV module with a CSV reader.
First, we need to open the file with the open() function that gives us a file object.
The file is then used for the CSV.reader which can be iterated over all rows returning for each row a list of the items as strings.
It returns the header elements of a file in the form of a NumPy array.

Example:

import numpy as np
import csv

path = ‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’
with open(path, ‘r’) as f:
reader = csv.reader(f, delimiter=’,’)
headers = next(reader)
data = np.array(list(reader)).astype(float)

print(headers)

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read csv with header

Read: Python NumPy square

Python NumPy read CSV file

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV files.
To read CSV data into a record array in Numpy you can use the Numpy modules genfromtxt() function, In this function’s argument, you need to set the delimiter to a comma.
The genfromtxt() function is used quite frequently to load data from text files in Python.
We can read data from CSV files using this function and store it into a NumPy array.

Syntax:

Here is the syntax of genfromtxt() function

numpy.genfromtxt
(
fname
)

Example:

from numpy import genfromtxt

my_data = genfromtxt(‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’, delimiter=’,’)
print(my_data)

In the above example, we have stored the data int the variable my_data that will return the ndarray by passing the filename.

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read csv file

Read: Python NumPy Array + Examples

Python NumPy read CSV Shape

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV shape.
The command data.shape will return a tuple that shows us the number of rows and columns in our numpy data array.
The file is then used for the CSV.reader which can be iterated over all rows returning for each row a list of the items as strings.
The output will (10,9) tells us that we have an array of data with 10 rows and 9 columns.

Example:

import numpy as np
import csv

path = ‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’
with open(path, ‘r’) as f:
reader = csv.reader(f, delimiter=’,’)
headers = next(reader)
data = np.array(list(reader)).astype(float)
print(data.shape)

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read csv shape

Python NumPy read CSV into 2d NumPy array

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV into a 2d NumPy array.
loadtxt() and open() to load a CSV file into a 2D NumPy Array.Call open(file) to open the CSV file . Use numpy.loadtxt( CSV file, delimiter) with the file as the result of the previous step and delimiter as “,” to return the data in a two-dimensional NumPy.
Two Dimensional Numpy means the collection of homogenous data in lists of a list. It is also known as a matrix. In a 2D array, you have to use two square brackets that is why it said lists of lists.

Example:

import numpy as np
path = open(‘/home/arvind/Documents/app.csv’)
array = np.loadtxt(path, delimiter=”,”,dtype=’int’)

print(array)

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read CSV into 2d numpy array

Read: Python NumPy log

Python NumPy read CSV pandas

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV pandas.
CSV files contain plain text and are a well-known format that everyone can read, including Pandas.

Pandas is a python library that is used for data manipulation analysis and cleaning. Python pandas are well-suited for different kinds of data such as we can work on tabular data.
In this example first, we create a dataframe variable in which we have to read a CSV file

Example:

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

df = pd.read_csv(‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’)

print(df)

Here is the Screenshot of following given code.

Python numpy read csv pandas

Read: Python Pandas CSV Tutorial

Python NumPy read CSV skip_rows

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV skip_rows.
If we pass skiprows argument as a tuple of ints, then it will skip the rows from CSV at specified indices.
For example, if we want to skip lines at index 0,3 while reading the CSV file and initializing a NumPy array.
We create a variable and use the NumPy module loadtxt in which passes the argument delimiters and skiprows.

Example:

#read input file
from numpy import loadtxt
file = open(‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’, ‘rb’)
data = loadtxt(file,delimiter = “,”,skiprows=2)
print(data)

Here is the Screenshot of folllowing given code

Python numpy read csv skip_rows

Read: Python write a list to CSV

Python NumPy read CSV Data type

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV Data type.
First, we have to create a NumPy module in which we have to pass an argument datatype.
NumPy stores values using its own data types, which are distinct from Python types like float and str. 

Example:

import numpy as np
path = open(‘/home/arvind/Documents/app.csv’)
array = np.loadtxt(path, delimiter=”,”,dtype=’float’)

print(array)

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read CSV Datatype

Read: How to write Python array to CSV

Python NumPy read CSV Size

In this section, we will learn about NumPy read CSV size.
It returns an int representing the number of elements in this object.
It takes an argument ndarray.size (number of elements in the array).

Example:

import numpy as np
import csv

path = ‘/home/arvind/Documents/test.csv’
with open(path, ‘r’) as f:
reader = csv.reader(f, delimiter=’,’)
headers = next(reader)
data = np.array(list(reader)).astype(float)
print(data.size)

Here is the Screenshot of following given code

Python numpy read csv size

You may like the following Python tutorials:

Python Read CSV File and Write CSV File
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In this Python NumPy tutorial, we learned Python NumPy read CSV and also we will cover the below examples:

Python NumPy read CSV with header
Python NumPy read CSV file
Python NumPy read CSV Shape
Python NumPy read CSV into 2d NumPy array
Python NumPy read CSV pandas
Python NumPy read CSV skip_rows
Python NumPy read CSV Data type
Python NumPy read CSV Size

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