Today we are excited to announce the availability of AWS Libcrypto for Rust (aws-lc-rs), an open source cryptographic library for Rust software developers with FIPS cryptographic requirements. At our 2022 AWS re:Inforce talk we introduced our customers to AWS Libcrypto (AWS-LC), and our investment in and improvements to open source cryptography. Today we continue that mission by releasing aws-lc-rs, a performant cryptographic library for Linux (x86, x86-64, aarch64) and macOS (x86-64) platforms.
Rust developers increasingly need to deploy applications that meet US and Canadian government cryptographic requirements. We evaluated how to deliver FIPS validated cryptography in idiomatic and performant Rust, built around our AWS-LC offering. We found that the popular ring (v0.16) library fulfilled much of the cryptographic needs in the Rust community, but it did not meet the needs of developers with FIPS requirements. Our intention is to contribute a drop-in replacement for ring that provides FIPS support and is compatible with the ring API. Rust developers with prescribed cryptographic requirements can seamlessly integrate aws-lc-rs into their applications and deploy them into AWS Regions.
AWS-LC is the foundation of aws-lc-rs. AWS-LC is the general-purpose cryptographic library for the C programming language at AWS. It is a fork from Google’s BoringSSL, with features and performance enhancements developed by AWS, such as FIPS support, formal verification for validating implementation correctness, performance improvements on Arm processors for ChaCha20-Poly1305 and NIST P-256 algorithms, and improvements to ECDSA signature verification for NIST P-256 curves on x86 based platforms. aws-lc-rs leverages these AWS-LC optimizations to improve performance in Rust applications. AWS-LC has been submitted to an accredited lab for FIPS validation testing, and upon completion will be submitted to NIST for certification. Once NIST grants a validation certificate to AWS-LC, we will make an announcement to Rust developers on how to leverage the FIPS mode in aws-lc-rs.
We used rustls, a Rust library that provides TLS 1.2 and 1.3 protocol implementations to benchmark aws-lc-rs performance. We ran a set of benchmark scenarios on c7g.metal (Graviton3) and c6i.metal (x86-64) Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance types. The graph below shows the improvement of a TLS client negotiating new connections using aws-lc-rs. aws-lc-rs with rustls significantly improves throughput in each of the algorithms tested, and for every hardware platform. We are excited to share aws-lc-rs and these cryptographic improvements with the Rust community today. We are continually evaluating our benchmarks for opportunities to improve aws-lc-rs.
Incorporating aws-lc-rs in your project is straightforward. Let’s look at how you can use aws-lc-rs in your Rust application by creating a SHA256 digest of the message “Hello Blog Readers!” An enhanced version of this digest example is available in the aws-lc-rs repository.
Install the Rust toolchain with rustup, if you do not already have it.
Initialize a new cargo package for your Rust project, if you don’t already have one:
$ cargo new –bin aws-lc-rs-example
Record aws-lc-rs as a dependency in the project Cargo file:
$ cargo add aws-lc-rsApplications already using the ring (v0.16.x) API: If your application already leverages the ring API, you can easily test and benchmark your application against aws-lc-rs without changing your application’s use declarations:$ cargo remove ring
$ cargo add –rename ring aws-lc-rs
Compile and run the program:
$ cargo run
Finished dev [unoptimized + debuginfo] target(s) in 0.04s
Rust developers increasingly need to deploy applications that meet US and Canadian government cryptographic requirements. In this post, you learned how we are building aws-lc-rs in order to bring FIPS compliant cryptography to Rust applications. Together AWS-LC and aws-lc-rs bring performance improvements for Arm and x86-64 processor families for commonly used cryptographic algorithms. If you are interested in using or contributing to aws-lc-rs source code or documentation, they are publicly available under the terms of either the Apache Software License 2.0 or ISC License from our GitHub repository. We use GitHub Issues for managing feature requests or bug reports. You can follow aws-lc-rs on crates.io for notifications about new releases. If you discover a potential security issue in aws-lc-rs or AWS-LC, we ask that you notify AWS Security using our vulnerability reporting page.